How is cataract operation performed

Eyecare | 4 MIN READ

How is cataract operation performed

All About Performing Cataract Surgery / Operation

Cataract is a common eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. As we age, the lenses in our eyes become cloudy, leading to blurred vision and difficulty seeing clearly. Fortunately, cataract surgery or cataract operation has become a highly effective and safe procedure that can restore vision and improve quality of life. This blog post will explore the process of performing a cataract operation and what patients can expect during the procedure.

After Cataract operation, Can we leave same day ?

Cataract surgery is typically an outpatient procedure, meaning you can go home the same day. Before the surgery, your ophthalmologist will conduct a thorough eye examination to determine the extent of your cataracts and assess your overall eye health. The surgeon will also measure the power of the intraocular lens (IOL) that will be implanted during the surgery

How Cataract Surgery will take place :

 On the day of the surgery, you will be given eye drops to dilate your pupils and numb your eye. The surgeon will then make a small incision in the cornea, the clear front part of the eye. This incision is typically less than 3 millimeters long and is self-sealing, meaning it does not require stitches. Next, a small instrument called a phacoemulsification probe is inserted into the incision. Ultrasound waves break up the cloudy lens into tiny fragments, and then gently suction them out of the eye, a process known as phacoemulsification and is the most common technique used in cataract surgery today.

Once the cloudy lens has been removed, the surgeon will implant the artificial IOL. The IOL is carefully placed in the space previously occupied by the natural lens, and it will remain in your eye permanently. The IOL is designed to focus light onto the retina, allowing for clear vision after the surgery. After the IOL has been implanted, the surgeon will ensure its proper positioning and make any necessary adjustments. The incision is then left to heal on its own, without the need for stitches. In some cases, a protective shield may be placed over the eye to prevent accidental rubbing or pressure.

The entire cataract surgery procedure typically takes less than 30 minutes, and you will be awake throughout the process. Most patients experience minimal discomfort during the surgery, and any sensations are typically numbed by the anesthesia. After the surgery, you will be moved to a recovery area where you will be monitored for a short period of time. You may experience some mild itching or discomfort, but these symptoms can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers and eye drops prescribed by your surgeon. It is important to avoid rubbing your eyes and to follow the post-operative instructions provided by your surgeon to ensure a smooth recovery.

Time taken to find improvement after cataract operation :

 Most patients notice an improvement in their vision within a few days of the surgery, although it may take several weeks for your vision to stabilize completely. During the recovery period, it is crucial to attend all follow-up appointments with your surgeon to monitor your progress and address any concerns or complications.

Success rate of cataract surgery / cataract operation :

 Cataract surgery / cataract operation has a high success rate, with the majority of patients experiencing improved vision and a better quality of life after the procedure. However, as with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications. These may include infection, inflammation, bleeding, or a posterior capsule opacification (clouding of the membrane behind the IOL). Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you before the surgery and take steps to minimize them.


 In conclusion related to our topic ” how is cataract operation is performed ” , cataract surgery/ operation is a safe and effective procedure that can significantly improve your vision and quality of life. The surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial IOL, allowing for clear vision. Although the procedure is relatively quick and painless, it is important to follow your surgeon’s instructions for a successful recovery. If you are experiencing symptoms of cataracts, consult with your ophthalmologist to determine if cataract surgery is a suitable option for you. Remember, clear vision is just a surgery away!